Protein assay

A protein assay is a laboratory technique used to determine the purity of protein preparations, the concentration of proteins in a sample, also assess protein expression levels and monitor protein-protein interactions.

Protein assays encompass a variety of techniques used to quantify and analyze proteins in samples. Two commonly used types of protein assays are the ECL (Electrochemiluminescence) assay and the BCA (Bicinchoninic Acid) assay.

ECL assay utilizes the phenomenon of electrochemically induced luminescence to detect proteins. The process involves labeling antibodies with electrochemiluminescent molecules, typically ruthenium complexes. When these labeled antibodies bind to their target proteins, they catalyze a chemical reaction upon electrochemical stimulation, resulting in the emission of light. This emitted light serves as a signal for protein detection and quantification.

In Western blotting, normally use ECL as a detection method, where the emitted light from labeled antibodies. This method provides the high sensitivity and enhances the capabilities of protein analysis, enabling researchers to delve deeper into the intricacies of biological systems.

BCA Assay is a colorimetric technique used to quantify protein concentrations in biological samples. The technique is based on the reduction of Cu^2+ ion. The BCA assay exhibits high sensitivity, capable of detecting protein concentrations in the range of micrograms to nanograms per milliliter. In academic and industrial research laboratories, the BCA assay is essential for studying protein-protein interactions, enzyme kinetics, and signal transduction pathways. In biotechnology industries, the assay serves as a critical tool for assessing the concentration and purity of protein-based products during manufacturing processes. Quality control ensures the consistency and efficacy of biologics, vaccines, and therapeutic proteins.

Visit AICON BIO’s website to explore their cutting-edge protein assay products.


AICON-BIO BCA protein quantification kit

AICON-BIO Ultrasensitive ECL Chemiluminescence Detection Kit